Equestrian vaulting, or simply Vaulting, is most often described as gymnastics and dance on horseback. It can be practiced either competitively or non-competitively. It is open to both males and females and is one of seven equestrian disciplines recognized by the International Federation for Equestrian Sports (Fédération Équestre Internationale or FEI), along with dressage, driving, endurance, eventing, reining and jumping (two of which are also paraequestrian disciplines).
Therapeutic or Interactive vaulting is also used as an activity for children and adults who may have balance, attention, gross motor skill, or social deficits.
Vaulting has many enthusiasts worldwide, particularly in Europe and other parts of the Western world. It is well-established in Germany and is growing in other western countries.